Active Ingredients: Azithromycin
Identifying opportunities to integrate data collection with clinical care platforms, such as HIV, adolescent, maternal, family planning and immunization is crucial.
The recently developed WHO protocol for assessing the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in antenatal care settings 153 provides a framework and consistent methods that can be adapted for women and men. Comparing data across studies requires better understanding of the performance characteristics of diagnostic tests, and implications for estimates of the average duration of infection for each infection.
The processes for producing future prevalence estimates could be made timelier and more efficient through continually updated systematic reviews, 154 as well as technological solutions that automate searching of databases and facilitate high quality updates of reviews.
The global estimates of prevalence and incidence of four curable sexually transmitted infections are important in the broader global context, highlighting a continuing public health challenge.
Prevalence and incidence data play an important role in the design and evaluation of programmes and interventions for sexually transmitted infections and in interpreting changes in HIV epidemiology.
The global threat of antimicrobial resistance, particularly the emergence of N.
These burden estimates can also be used to promote innovation for point-of-care diagnostics, new therapeutics, vaccines and microbicides.
The estimates generated in this paper, despite their limitations, provide an initial baseline for monitoring progress towards these ambitious targets.
We also thank Mary Kamb. Funding: This work was supported by the U.
Another Cochrane Review studied treatments for typhoid fever Effa. This review examines the currently available body of evidence regarding antibiotic treatment of NTS infection.
This review is an update of part of an earlier review which investigated the use of antibiotics for the treatment of both symptomatic and asymptomatic NTS infection Sirinavin.
Epidemiology NTS infection is an important cause of food poisoning in most areas of the world.
In the USA, an estimated 1. Animals are a major reservoir of NTS infection. The infection is mainly acquired by eating contaminated food, such as poultry, beef and eggs.
However, it can also be transmitted by handling farm animals, like chickens. Infection can be passed transovarially from chickens to their eggs. Furthermore, bacteria can be spread by pets, including snakes.