Active Ingredients: Clomiphene
One of the primary ways to address this challenge is with medications that stimulate the ovarian follicles to produce multiple eggs in one cycle. Clomiphene is a synthetic chemical, taken orally, that binds to estrogen receptors in the brain and causes pituitary FSH levels to rise see below.
Gonadotropins are identical to human protein hormones FSH and LH and, given by injection, bypass the pituitary gland and directly stimulate the ovaries.
Clomiphene Citrate treatment Clomiphene is a long trusted oral medication relied upon for its safety, effectiveness and relatively low cost.
Clomiphene is used to treat absent or irregular menstrual cycles ovulation induction, to address a condition called luteal phase defect by increasing progesterone secretion during the second half of the cycle and to make menstrual cycle lengths more predictable, thus improving the timing of intercourse or artificial insemination.
How does Clomiphene Citrate work? Clomiphene triggers the brain's pituitary gland to secrete an increased amount of follicle stimulating hormone FSH and LH luteinizing hormone.
This action stimulates the growth of the ovarian follicle and thus initiates ovulation. During a normal menstrual cycle only one egg is ovulated.
The use of clomiphene often causes the ovaries to produce two or three eggs per cycle. Clomiphene is taken orally for 5 days and is active only during the month it is taken.
Two to three days after Provera is completed, a menstrual period should begin.
On the 3 rd, 4 th or 5 th day of menstrual flow, a course of clomiphene is started. A clomiphene citrate 50 mg tablet is taken orally for 5 days.
On day 11 or 12 of the menstrual cycle, ultrasound monitoring is conducted to determine if an ovarian follicle or follicles have developed.
You will most likely ovulate within 5 to 10 days after you take Clomid.
To improve your chance of becoming pregnant, you should have sexual intercourse while you are ovulating.
This will help you determine when you can expect ovulation to occur. In most cases, Clomid should not be used for more than 3 treatment cycles.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. See also: Clomid dosage information in more detail What happens if I miss a dose?
Call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose of Clomid. What happens if I overdose?
What should I avoid? Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert and able to see clearly. Clomid side effects Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction to Clomid: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.